Secondary Refining of Steels

Course Name: 

Secondary Refining of Steels (MT407)


B.Tech (MME)




Programme Specific Electives (PSE)

Credits (L-T-P): 

(3-0-0) 3


Introduction, unit processes in secondary steelmaking viz stirring, slag control, refractories and atmosphere control: ladle furnace method; ladle injection metallurgy, vacuum treatment of liquid steel: priniciples, processes viz ladle, stream and circulation degassing methods, stainless steel making technology - VOD, AOD and CLII processes, remelting, refining processes - ESR and VAR processes.


R.H.Tupkary, Modern Steelmaking, Khanna Publishers, New Delhi, 1996.
R.G.Ward, An Introduction to the Physical Chemistry of Iron and Steel making, ELBS, London, 1962.
V.Kudrin, Steel Making, Mir Publication, Moscow, 1985.


Metallurgical and Materials Engineering

Contact us

Prof. Anandhan Srinivasan, Head
Department of MME, NITK, Surathkal
P. O. Srinivasnagar, Mangaluru - 575 025
Karnataka, India.
  • Hot line: +91-0824-2474000 Extn. 3050

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