Physical Metallurgy

Course Name: 

Physical Metallurgy (MT202)


B.Tech (MME)




Programme Core (PC)

Credits (L-T-P): 

(3-1-0) 4

Course Outcomes: 

CO1: To understand the crystal structures, crystallographic planes, directions, and voids in metallic materials
CO2: To understand solidification in metals and alloys develop knowledge of imperfections in crystalline solids, plastic deformation and strengthening mechanisms in metals
CO3: To acquire knowledge about phenomena occurring during tensile and compressive loading, high temperature deformation, strain ageing, cold deformation and annealing and diffusion in solids, etc.

Course modules and teaching hours: 

Module 1 (7 hours):
Structure of metals, space lattice, unit cells, crystal systems metallic crystal structures packing efficiencies, planes and directions, voids, solid solutions, intermediate phases

Module 2 (25 hours):
Solidification of metals, freezing of alloys, Scheil equation, dendritic freezing in alloys, freezing of ingots, segregation, homogenization, porosity, eutectic freezing, growth of single crystals. Imperfections in crystalline solids, dislocations and plastic deformation, theoretical shear strength, concept of dislocations, types of dislocations, Burgers vector, strain field associated with dislocations, dissociation of dislocations, climb and cross slip, dislocation interactions, plastic deformation by twin

Module 3 (16 hours):
Yield point phenomenon, strain ageing, work hardening in single and poly-crystalline materials, effect of temperature, composition and grain size on strain hardening, recovery, recrystallisation and grain growth, Strengthening mechanisms in metals, high temperature deformation of crystalline materials, diffusion in solids, applications of diffusion concepts


Sidney H. Avner, Introduction to Physical Metallurgy, McGraw Hill International Editions, 2nd edition, 19743rd Edition, 1991.
T. E. Reed-Hill and R. Abbaschian, Physical Metallurgy Principles, Thompson Asia Pvt. Limited
V. Raghavan, Physical Metallurgy, Principles and Practice, Prentice-Hall of India Private Limited, New Delhi, 2003
V. Raghavan, Materials Science and Engineering-A first course, Prentice-Hall of India Private Limited, New Delhi, 6th edition, 2017
George E Dieter, Mechanical Metallurgy, McGraw -Hill Book Company, SI Metric Edition, 1988.
E. C. Rollason, Metallurgy for Engineers, Edward Arnold Publishers Limited, 2nd Edition 1948.
W. C. Leslie, The Physical Metallurgy of Steels, McGraw Hill Book Company, New York, 1982
F. B. Pickering, Physical Metallurgy and the Design of Steels, Applied Science Publishers, 1978
W. G. Moffat, G. W. Pearsall and J. Wulff, Structure, Vol I, Wiley Eastern University Edition, 1st Edition, 1964


Metallurgical and Materials Engineering

Total teaching hours: 


Contact us

Dr. Ravishankar K. S, Head
Department of MME, NITK, Surathkal
P. O. Srinivasnagar, Mangaluru - 575 025
Karnataka, India.
  • Hot line: +91-0824-2473050

Contact details for Placements and Interships


Faculty Co-ordinator: Dr. Saumen Mandal 

Student Co-ordinator: Yoganath P