Production of Iron & Ferro Alloys

Course Name: 

Production of Iron & Ferro Alloys (MT320)


B.Tech (MME)




Programme Core (PC)

Credits (L-T-P): 

(3-0-0) 3

Course Outcomes: 

CO1: To understand the fundamentals including thermodynamics and phase relations in the production of iron and ferroalloys
CO2: To perform basic calculations like mass and energy balance relating to production of iron and ferroalloys, taking into consideration the thermodynamic limitations and kinetics
CO3: To know details about several aspects involved in ferrous metallurgy like procuring raw materials and its preparation, furnaces and its accessories, blast furnace irregularities and process control, alternate routes of iron making
CO4: To identify and choose a production methodology for a particular type of iron/ferroalloy from given ore, other raw materials and set of conditions

Course modules and teaching hours: 

Module 1: (12 hours):
History of Iron Making, Traditional Iron Making, Evolution of Blast Furnace, Iron Making in India, Iron ores of the world: Distribution, Indian iron ores, limestone and coking coal deposits, problems associated with Indian raw materials, Iron ore beneficiation and agglomeration, theory and practice of sintering and pelletizing, testing of burden materials
Module 2: (12 hours):
Blast Furnace Reactions, Thermodynamics and Kinetics, Fundamental studies, Blast furnace design, other auxiliary units, plant layout, recent developments in the design & operation of blast furnace, irregularities in operation and their remedies
Module 3: (18 hours):
Blast furnace refractories and instrumentation; Blast furnace slag & gas: importance, formation and use, Direct reduction methods, Details of some commercial processes like Rotary Kiln, Electric Pig Iron Furnace, HYL, MIDREX, Fluidized Bed, COREX Process, Pyrophoricity of DRI, Ferroalloy Furnaces, Production of FeSi, FeMn and FeCr, Nitrided Ferroalloys, problem solving


Making, Shopping and Treating of Steel, 10th Edition, Edited by United States Steel, 1985; or 11th Edition Edited by the Association of Iron and Steel Engineers, 1999
Strasburger, Brown, Stephenson & Dancy, B. F. Theory and Practice, Vol. I & II, 1969, Gordon & Reach, New York
Ghosh and A. Chatterjee, Ironmaking and Steelmaking: Theory and Practice, PHI Learning (P) Ltd., New Delhi, 2008
A. K. Biswas, Principle of Blast Furnace iron making, SBA Publications, Calcutta, 1981
Kurt Meyer, Pelletizing of Iron Ores Springer Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, Newyork, 1980
K. K. Prasad & H.S. Ray, Advances in Rotary Kiln Sponge Iron Plant
Robert L. Stephenson, Direct reduced iron Technology & Economics of production and use, 1980, Iron & Steel Society of AMIE
C. K. Gupta and A. K. Suri, Ferroalloys Technology in India, C. K. 1982, Milind Pub., New Delhi
Richard J. Fruehan (ed.), Making, Shaping and Treating of Steel, 11th Edition, Association of Iron and Steel Technology, 1998


Metallurgical and Materials Engineering

Total teaching hours: 


Contact us

Prof. K. Narayan Prabhu, Head
Department of MME, NITK, Surathkal
P. O. Srinivasnagar, Mangaluru - 575 025
Karnataka, India.
  • Hot line: +91-0824-2473050