X-ray Diffraction & Electron Microscopy

Course Name: 

X-ray Diffraction & Electron Microscopy (MT254)


B.Tech (MME)




Programme Core (PC)

Credits (L-T-P): 

(3-1-0) 4

Course Outcomes: 

CO1: To be able to appreciate the importance of XRD and electron microscopy in materials characterization
CO2: To be able to identify and use proper technique for a given requirement

Course modules and teaching hours: 

Module 1 (1 hour): Introduction
Module 2 (2 hours): Basics of Crystallography
Module 3 (4 hours): X-rays: Generation, Properties, Absorption and Filtering + Tutorials
Module 4 (5 hours): Diffraction of X-rays, Diffraction under non-ideal conditions, Methods of diffraction
Module 5 (5 hours): Intensity of diffracted beams + Tutorials
Module 6 (2 hours): Powder method: Specimen preparation, Selection of radiation, Background radiation
Module 7 (6 hours): Determination of Crystal structure, Solvus line + Tutorials
Module 8 (4 hours): Order-disorder transformation, Chemical analysis, Particle size analysis
Module 9 (6 hours): Stereographic projections; Determination of texture + Tutorials
Module 10 (3 hours): Electron microscopy: General principles, Electron – specimen interaction, Electron optics
Module 11 (5 hours): TEM: Image formation scheme, Reciprocal lattice, Electron diffraction, specimen preparation
Module 12 (3 hours): SEM: Signal generation, modes of operation, specimen preparation, EDAX
Module 13 (4 hours): EPMA, FIM, STM


B D Cullity, “Elements of X-ray Diffraction”, Addison-Wisley Publishing Company, Inc, 1978.
K Ramakanth Hebbar, “Basics of X-ray Diffraction and its applications”, I K International Publishing House Pvt. Ltd,, New Delhi, 2007
R E Smallman and K M B Ashbee, “ Modern Metallography”
B Chalmers, “ Physical Methods of Materials Characterization”
P. E. J. Flewitt & R. K. Wild, “Physical Methods of Materials Characterization”, IOP Publishing Ltd, 1994
ASM Handbook


Metallurgical and Materials Engineering

Total teaching hours: 


Contact us

Prof. K. Narayan Prabhu, Head
Department of MME, NITK, Surathkal
P. O. Srinivasnagar, Mangaluru - 575 025
Karnataka, India.
  • Hot line: +91-0824-2473050