Synthesis Techniques for Nanomaterials and Nanostructures

Course Name: 

Synthesis Techniques for Nanomaterials and Nanostructures (MT723)


M.Tech. in Nanotechnology




Programme Core (PC)

Credits (L-T-P): 

(3-1-0) 4

Course Outcomes: 

CO1: Understand the mechanisms of formation of nanomaterials and nanostructures
CO2: Get acquainted with various top-down and bottom-up approaches of nanomaterials synthesis
CO3: Have an awareness on the merits and demerits of various synthetic techniques
CO4: Ability to design a synthetic strategy for creating a new nanomaterial or nanostructure

Course modules and teaching hours: 

Module 1: (11 hours)
Physical Methods: Inert gas condensation, Arc discharge, RF-plasma, Plasma arc technique, Ion sputtering, Laser ablation, Laser pyrolysis, Ball Milling, Molecular beam epitaxy, Chemical vapour deposition method and other variants, Electrodeposition.

Module 2: (11 hours)
Chemical Methods: Metal nanocrystals by reduction, Solvothermal synthesis, Photochemical synthesis, Electrochemical synthesis, Nanocrystals of semiconductors and other materials by arrested precipitation, Thermolysis routes, Sonochemical routes, Liquid-liquid interface

Module 3: (8 hours)
Hybrid methods: Solvated metal atom dispersion, Post-synthetic size-selective processing. Sol- gel, Micelles and microemulsions, Cluster compounds.

Module 4: (11 hours)
Biological Methods: Use of bacteria, fungi, Actinomycetes for nanoparticle synthesis, Magnetotactic bacteria for natural synthesis of magnetic nanoparticles; Mechanism of formation; Viruses as components for the formation of nanostructured materials; Synthesis process and application, Role of plants in nanoparticle synthesis.

Module 5: (11 hours)
Lithographic Techniques: AFM based nanolithography and nano manipulation, E-beam lithography and SEM based nanolithography and nano manipulation, Ion beam lithography, oxidation and metallization. Deep UV lithography, X-ray based lithography


G. A. Ozin et al, Nanochemistry: A Chemical Approach to Nanomaterials, Royal Society of Chemistry, London, 2009.
D. L. Schodek et al, Nanomaterials, Nanotechnologies and Design, Butterworth-Heinemann, Oxford, 2009.
M. Wilson et al, Nanotechnology: basic science and emerging technologies, CRC press, Boca Raton, 2002.
G. Cao, Nanostructures & Nanomaterials Synthesis, Properties & Applications, Imperial College Press, 2004
C. P. Poole, Jr., F. J. Owens, Introduction to Nanotechnology, Wiley-Interscience, New Jersey, 2003.


Metallurgical and Materials Engineering

Total teaching hours: 


Contact us

Dr. Ravishankar K. S, Head
Department of MME, NITK, Surathkal
P. O. Srinivasnagar, Mangaluru - 575 025
Karnataka, India.
  • Hot line: +91-0824-2473050

Contact details for Placements and Interships


Faculty Co-ordinator: Dr. Saumen Mandal 

Student Co-ordinator: Yoganath P